The prevalence of technology and screen time has drastically increased in children's lives over the last decade. From smartphones and tablets to TVs, gaming consoles and computers, kids today are more connected and have greater access to screens than ever before. This digitally-immersed environment poses unique parenting challenges when it comes to managing kids' screen time and promoting healthy relationships with technology from an early age.
In this article, we will explore practical strategies for digital parenting and setting appropriate boundaries around screen time based on child development needs and stages.
The Risks of Excessive Screen Time
Before implementing limits, it is important for parents to understand potential risks linked to excessive screen exposure during key developmental windows. Research shows connections between high daily screen time and issues like:
While an occasional movie night or gaming session is unlikely to cause harm, chronic tech overuse can negatively impact physical health, mental health, and childhood development over time.
Setting Limits at Different Ages
When and how to set effective limits depends largely on the age and maturity level of your child. Here are some practical tips tied to developmental stages:
Babies and Toddlers: For the youngest kids, complete avoidance of solo screen time is best. However, video chatting with grandparents can help babies connect faces and voices. For toddlers, parental co-viewing of select, high-quality shows (like Sesame Street) is fine in moderation. Avoid passive TV/tablet time by replacing activities like play, reading, and social interaction that build critical cognitive skills at this age.
Pre-schooler: Around ages 3-5, limit solo viewing to just 30-60 minutes a day, if any, focused on educational content. Prioritise offline playtime, family activities, outdoor time, and reading books together. Set boundaries requiring kids this age to get parental permission before accessing devices or screens. Make charging stations central (not in bedrooms) to manage access.
School-Aged Kids: From elementary through middle school, set time limits of 1-2 hours per day for recreational screen use. Promote active physical play for at least 1 hour daily. Establish device-free family rituals like shared meals, reading before bedtime, and weekend activities to reinforce positive habits. Set up charging station zones and enforce a bedroom screen ban.
Teens: Come to high school and continually discuss and reinforce balance, moderation, and judgement around time spent gaming, streaming, or scrolling apps and social platforms. Encourage goal-setting related to academics, extracurriculars, and sleep versus catching the latest Netflix show or gaming release. Lead by example and consider apps like Screen Time (iOS) and Digital Wellbeing (Android) to promote self-regulation. While teens need autonomy, maintain some household rules, like no phones during homework time, and limit late-night digital stimulation.
Promoting Physical Activity and Other Interests: Make sure daily schedules include ample time for active play, hands-on projects, family outings, reading books, board games, and household responsibilities to reinforce a balanced approach to technology from a young age. Model engaging in your own non-digital hobbies and pastimes as well.
Implementing Family Media Plans: To help choose limits for each child’s age and temperament, the AAP recommends creating a media use plan or contract with agreed-upon guidelines. Make sure kids take part in brainstorming rules based on their needs and what is manageable. Include parameters around specific daily/weekly limits, screen-free times or locations (like dinner), content restrictions, and consequences for breaking rules.
Addressing Excessive Screen Time Head On: For kids obsessed with devices and streaming shows, impose daily time limits on cold turkey if needed. Restrict phone/tablet use to common spaces only. For gaming addicts, set defined restrictions on game titles, multi-player options, and online purchases. Reinforce IRL social connections and productive hobbies. Seek therapy if behavioural issues or addiction persist despite best efforts. Reset expectations that technology should not dominate kids’ free time or replace actual human interaction.
Managing Your Own Screen Time: Before implementing family rules, parents and carers must address their own digital dependencies. Consider how your kids see you interacting with devices throughout the day. Do you maintain eye contact during conversations or stop to scroll and check texts? By simply being more present and reducing your own tech use, you model positive habits for your children to mirror.
Fostering Responsibility and Online Safety: With access to endless content, internet safety is paramount but complex. Instil values like treating others with respect, avoiding cyberbullying and acting ethically online. Follow age rating guidelines for apps and games. Set privacy settings and parental controls on devices and accounts, where possible. Monitor activity to ensure kids access age-appropriate content but avoid invading privacy without cause once kids reach ages 10+.
Balancing Benefits and Risks: When parenting the first generation of digital natives, recognising the pros and cons allows for realistic, informed decisions about managing technology. While risks like negative mental health outcomes and internet addiction exist, certain amounts and types of technology also greatly benefit kids greatly in domains of education, information access, social connection, future career opportunities and leisure pursuits.